Thursday, May 21, 2020

Bernissartia - Facts and Figures

Name: Bernissartia (from Bernissart, after the region of Belgium where it was discovered); pronounced BURN-iss-ARE-tee-yah Habitat: Swamps and shorelines of western Europe Historical Period: Early Cretaceous (145-140 million years ago) Size and Weight: About two feet long and 5-10 pounds Diet: Fish, shellfish and carrion Distinguishing Characteristics: Small size; long, pointed snout; two kinds of teeth in jaws About Bernissartia Except for its tiny size (only about two feet long from head to tail and no more than 10 pounds), Bernissartia looked pretty much like a modern crocodile, with its long tail, splayed limbs, elongated snout and powerful jaws. You might think a prehistoric crocodile this petite would have made it a point to stay away from larger reptiles, but Bernissartia appears to have shared the swamps of early Cretaceous western Europe with much bigger dinosaurs (which presumably left it alone in favor of less toothy prey). In fact, a handful of Bernissartia fossils have been discovered in close proximity to a specimen of Iguanodon, one possibility being that they were feasting on the carcass of this dead ornithopod before being drowned in a flash flood. One odd feature of Bernissartia, crocodile-wise, was the two kinds of teeth embedded in its jaws: sharp incisors in front and flat molars in back. This is a clue that Bernissartia may have fed on shellfish (which needed to be ground to bits before swallowing) as well as fish, and, as stated above, may also have subsisted on the carcasses of already-dead sauropods and ornithopods. One likely interpretation of this behavior is that Bernissartia roamed up and down the beaches of its presumed island habitat (during the early Cretaceous period, much of western Europe was submerged under water), eating pretty much anything that happened to wash up on shore.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Insight Of Patients With Schizophrenia And Its...

The insight of patients with schizophrenia and its relationships with other clinical variables has been given much attention in the clinical setting over the last few decades. Since then, some instruments assessing insight have been created in an attempt of better diagnostic mental disorders. The founder of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), Aaron T. Beck is an American psychiatrist who is a professor emeritus in the department of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. He applied cognitive models of psychosis in explaining patients’ own evaluation of erroneous or unusual experiences. This perspective was termed cognitive insight and is assessed with the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS). The BCIS or Beck Cognitive Insight scale is â€Å"a self-administered instrument, with 15 item and is a self-report instrument with two subscales, 9 self-reflectiveness items and 6 self-certainty items. It is designed to evaluate cognitive processes that involves reevaluating pati ents anomalous experiences and specific misinterpretations and to complement scales that describe the lack of awareness of mental illness and its characteristics† (Martin et al., 2010). The format of the scale is the Linkert format which the individual taken the test indicate the degree of the agreement with a question being asked. In this case there is no wrong answer. Some application would have up to six options to avoid allowing the responder to be neutral. The BCIS has four options, do not agree, agreeShow MoreRelatedCognitive Behavioural Therapy and Family Interventions for Psychosis7799 Words   |  32 PagesInterventions for Psychosis Psychosocial treatments for schizophrenia are not new in the research literature. Psychological treatments have been previously used in the treatment of schizophrenia. For example in terms of behaviour therapy, operant approaches such as token economy programmes were used in the 1960s and 1970s to improve the behaviour of patients in long stay hospitals. However, the evidence suggests that the clinical gains were limited and did not generalise beyondRead MoreSchizophrenia, Culture, And Subjectivity, By Janis Hunter Jenkins And Robert John Barrett1932 Words   |  8 PagesThe text â€Å"Schizophrenia, Culture, and Subjectivity,† edited by Janis Hunter Jenkins and Robert John Barrett is a collection of cross-cultural studies initiated by the World Health Organization with an initiative to explore and analyze the varying dilemmas concerning mental health. The text explores mental illnesses and clinical problems surrounding them, especially schizophrenia. It aims to make note of how schizophrenia treatment varies as influenced by culture. It aids mental health professionalsRead MoreMental Disorders And Violent Behavior2381 Words   |  10 Pagescrimes committed by those with mental illnesses. A major challenge in contemplating the relationship between mental disorders and violent behavior lies within how the two offer large portions of the same danger variables. Offenders with mental health issues have a tendency to participate in more deviant types of criminal acts than those without such issues. This paper is sought to synthesize the relationship among individuals who are mentally ill and why there are criminal acts followed by certainRead MoreThe Different Types Of Mental Illness And Disorders That Are Linked With Violence Essay1801 Words   |  8 Pagesdifferent types of mental illness and disorders that are closely linked with violence, as well as the association between individuals diagnosed with a mental health issues and the increased risk of violent offending, while considering the impact of other confounding factors, such as substance abuse, social factors such as homelessness, noncompliance with medication and the stigma and public perception around mental illness and violent offending, and how the social belief that individuals with mentalRead MoreSchizophrenia And The Middle Of Creativity And Psychopathology2032 Words   |  9 PagesThe out-of-dat e issue of genius and madness has incited long standing open and clinical hobby among researchers. In spite of the fact that amiableness has different parts than creativity (e.g., insight) and is established in a social setting, it is hard to envision an uncreative genius. Creativity comprising of both oddities and effect is subsequently key for agreeableness (Cropley, 2010). The thought of a relationship in the middle of creativity and mental sick well-being has mostly been maintainedRead MoreCritique Of A Research Study2122 Words   |  9 Pagesin Recovery from Schizophrenia: A Qualitative Study of Thai Mental Health Nurses†, (Kaewprom, Curtis Deane, 2011). Through qualitative research, the authors of this article aimed to answer the question of what factors are present in the recovery from schizophrenia. In recent years, Thailand has come a long way in how it views mental illnesses. And because of this, the country has taken remarkable steps to provide care for those suffering from mental illness such as schizophrenia To gain a betterRead MoreExistential, Trauma, And Positive Psychology3246 Words   |  13 Pages EXISTENTIAL, TRAUMA, POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Jose Mora Santana Northwest Christian University This research paper will be a brief insight into trauma and an exploration onto alternative therapies and models of psychology to treat trauma survivors. By using different journals, I will provide information that will give more in depth therapy treatments that have been conducted on individuals that have either suffer from or experienced traumatic events in their lives.Read MoreSurvey Of Cognitive Remediation Practices For Individuals With Schizophreni Implementation And Barriers9236 Words   |  37 Pages Survey of Cognitive Remediation Practices for Individuals with Schizophrenia: Implementation and Barriers Jessica Ryan Cuttance, M.S., CRC Dr. Dara Chan, ScD, CRC Dr. Mark Klinger, PhD University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Abstract Cognitive impairment (CI) is observed in the vast majority of individuals with schizophrenia and has long been identified as a principal contributor to functional deficits. To date, pro-cognitive pharmacologic therapies have been largely unsuccessfulRead MoreHow to Write the First Clinical Interview Report3265 Words   |  14 Pagesï » ¿ PSY 531 Clinical Assessment – First Clinical Interview – Application How to Write the First Clinical Interview Report Begà ¼m Zà ¼beyde Åžengà ¼l Middle East Technical University Department of Psychology Clinical Psychology M.S. Program 2012-2013 Fall Semester How to Write the First Clinical Interview Report Communicating Your Findings to Others Somewhere, sometime, as a mental health clinician we might conceivably do an evaluation and provide a complete course of treatmentRead MoreThe Association Between Metacognitive Beliefs And Auditory Hallucinations2802 Words   |  12 PagesThe association between metacognitive beliefs and auditory hallucinations; a literature review of empirical studies with clinical and non-clinical samples Several cognitive theories have been proposed in psychology, yet none of those can fully explain the phenomena of auditory hallucinations. Zimmerman et al. (2005) and Wykes et al. (2008) showed that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has a moderate effect in treating positive symptoms (e.g. hallucinations and delusions) of psychotic disorders

Cognitive Dissonance Free Essays

Cognitive Dissonance Cognitive dissonance is having a thought, idea, attitude, or belief that seems to be out of tune. Cognitive dissonance tends to result in different ways based on the situation that it occurs in. If a person is forced to say an opinion that differs from their own, they experience an out of tune feeling. We will write a custom essay sample on Cognitive Dissonance or any similar topic only for you Order Now In Roger Hock’s book â€Å"Forty Studies that Changed Psychology,† he recognizes the study of cognitive dissonance performed by Leon Festinger. In â€Å"Thoughts Out of Tune,† the article specifically explaining Festinger’s study, Hock goes further into detail. He explains that if we are forced to state an opposed view, while preparing for it, we tend to believe it along with out own. This creates confusing, stress, and dissonance. Festinger’s study explains why and when people may or may not feel cognitive dissonance. Festinger proposed whatever you state publicly, will be a reflection of your personal views. If any person must speak publicly for any reason that goes against their own private belief, they will definitely feel uncomfortable. However, when offered a reward, the comfort levels can change. If someone offers the speaker a large reward, the speaker will feel more comfort in changing their attitude about the ideas or beliefs being said, even when they don’t believe them. If someone offers the speaker a small reward, the speaker will feel more discomfort because they do not feel there was justification in what they are being rewarded and will have more of a negative attitude than those being greater rewarded. Festinger performed his experiment on a control group, group A, and group B. Each group contained twenty participants. Group A was the group given one dollar to perform the experiment. Group B was given twenty dollars to perform the experiment. All group were interviewed after the performing ‘the experiment,’ which was to empty and refill a tray of 12 spools for 30 minutes and to turn 48 square pegs a quarter of a turn clockwise for 30 minutes. This was done in order to bore the participants and create negative feelings about what they had to do. Afterwards they were asked to fabricate their feelings toward the experiment to another group waiting outside. Group A was given one dollar. Group B was given twenty dollars. The control group was given no money and was able to be interviewed after performing the tasks. Group A and group B were told after speaking their opposed opinions that the experiment was fun and exciting, they were able to be interviewed and leave. The interview questioned their true beliefs on how they felt toward ‘the experiment. ’ They were asked to rate the experiments on a scale that offered the questions: whether the tasks were interesting and enjoyable, how much the person learned about their ability to perform the tasks given, whether they believed the experiment and tasks were measuring any importance or not, and if they had any desire to participate in another experiment similar to the one performed. In the findings, the control group had extremely negative ratings on the questions asked. Festinger concluded that when demanded to realize the differences among personal views and attitudes, we would tend to feel cognitive dissonance. This can encourage us to bring change to these views or attitudes to enforce them to become harmonious and agreeable with each other. This will continuously create changing attitudes whether they are big or small. The change will depend on the justification for the behavior. Festinger’s conclusions had shown to support his hypothesis. David Matz and Wendy Wood performed an experiment similar to Festinger’s study. Matz and Wood did a study on cognitive dissonance in groups and the consequences of disagreement. In the first of several experiments done, they tested ‘the nature of arousal induced by attitude heterogeneity in groups. ’ This determines if attitude likeness in groups could be related to dissonance. In the study, people were placed into groups. These groups were given one of three possible situations. These situations included what would occur after taking a survey. The groups would either discuss what they decided for a major issue, discuss their decisions and try to come to a consensus, and the last group would not discuss anything about the survey at all. The participants that were educated about the study acted as though they had a particular opinion. After the discussion, the participants, of the decision-making group, filled out a questionnaire about the responses and ease of agreeing for a consensus. The results were that the group having to reach a consensus found it easy and were motivated when the group was able to agree as opposed to when the group disagreed. The participants admitted to feeling anxiety and discomfort when having a disagreement with the group. This relates to Festinger’s study because they both relate to feeling uncomfortable. Although Festinger’s experiment was concentrated on a self and not a group, they both explain how different situations can cause discomfort and negative feelings. Festinger explains how someone not expressing their true feelings for any reason will undergo the feelings of cognitive dissonance. Matz and Wood are explaining the same thing but showing how people can understand cognitive dissonance by holding their opinions and not expressing themselves in fear of going against a group. The disagreement creates negative feelings causing the participant to feel out of place or out of tune. These experiments teach us that not expressing how we feel for any reason whether it’s being paid, persuaded, in fearfulness, we will tend to feel negative emotions. Disagreement will always cause discomfort in turn causing cognitive dissonance. References Chen, M. K. , Risen, J. L. (2010). How choice affects and reflects preferences: revisiting the free-choice paradigm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(4), 573-594. doi: 10. 1037/a0020217 Festinger, L. , Carlsmith, J. M. (1959). Cognitive consequences of forced compliance. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 203-210. Hock, R. R. (2008). Forty studies that changed psychology: explorations into the history of psychological research (6th ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Matz, D. C. , Wood, W. (2005). Cognitive dissonance in groups: the consequences of disagreement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(1), 22-37. doi: 10. 1037/0022-3514. 88. 1. 22 Newby-Clark, I. R. , McGregor, I. , Zanna, M. P. (2002). Thinking and caring about cognitive inconsistency: when and for whom does attitudinal ambivalence feel uncomfortable? Journal of Peronality and Social Psychology, 82(2), 157-166. doi: 10. 1037/0022-3514. 82. 2. 157 Norton, M. I. , Monin, B. , Cooper, J. , Hogg, M. A. (2003). Vicarious dissonance: Attitude change from inconsistency of others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(1), 47-62. doi: 10. 1037/0022-3514. 85. 1. 47 Push, S. D. , Groth, M. , Hennig-Thurau, T. (2011) Willing and able to fake emotions: A closer examination of the link between emotional dissonance and employee well-being. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(2), 377-390. doi: 10. 1037/a0021395 Rosenberg, M. J. (1960). Attitude organization and change: An analysis of consistency among attitude components. New Haven: Yale University Press. How to cite Cognitive Dissonance, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Service Line Development

Table of Contents Executive Summary Introduction International Analysis Discussion on Different Programs Financial Analysis Target market References Executive Summary The main purpose of a service line is to coordinate the patient’s activities when assessing personal health care. Service line is designed to ensure that the patient gains maximum benefits while the health facility gains sufficient business benefits. Therefore, service line is viewed as a structure in an organizational system that focuses on the output of a health care program.Advertising We will write a custom coursework sample on Service Line Development specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Service line development serves various functions in an organization since it interconnects various departments and disciplines to come up with a means of improving health care. Moreover, service line incorporates the various disciplines in order to ensure health care con tinuity. Health care facilities implement service line in order to create a balance among the various functions in the facility while ensuring that the market elements are taken into consideration. In this light of events, a person charged with the task of implementing service line must take into account the core functions of the health care facility, the amount of resources available, and the key market factors that affect health care industry. Considering all these factors ensures that the health care facility provides the best possible care to their patients while being within budgetary constraints. This paper examines the viability of developing a service line in Trinity health care facility. The focus will be on developing the cancer center that requires careful consideration before incorporating it into the hospital’s system. Introduction Researchers have carried out various researches to determine the overall demand for cancer centers in the global scene. In the curren t situation in the world, the number of cancer patients is constantly increasing. This increase has been attributed to the lifestyle that most people live. For instance, the use of gadgets in homes such as mobile phones that emit radiation may be one of the causatives of cancer. With the increase in number of cancer patients, there is also increase in demand for quality health care for the patients.Advertising Looking for coursework on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In 2005, the American Society of Clinical Oncology conducted a research to forecast the requirements of oncologists in the future (AAMC, 2007). According to the report presented by AAMC to the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the number demand for oncologists was going to increase due to the increase in number of cancer survivors (AAMC, 2007). In the early 1970s, the number of cancer survivors in the United States alone was approximately 3 million (AAMC, 2007). However, this figure has drastically changed and the number of survivors is currently up to 10 million (AAMC, 2007). The increase in number of cancer survivors is due to the improvement of services offered by cancer centers in the health care industry. With the increase in number of survivors, there is also an increase in demand for new cancer centers to carter for the surviving patients. A report released in 2011, projected the number of cancer cases in the United States was approximately 1, 596, 670 (ACS, 2011). Moreover, the projection provided did not include cancer patients with non-invasive cancer. This number was quite high and the available cancer centers could not carter for all the patients (ACS, 2011). Due to this fact, the report approximated that the number of patients who would die from cancer would be 571, 950. In 2012, the projected figure for cancer cases in the United States will be approximately 1,638,910 (ACS, 2012). In this light of even ts, incorporation of a cancer center will ensure that the hospital is able to cater for some of the cancer patients, earn income, and avoid some unnecessary deaths. The demand for cancer centers increases yearly (ACS, 2012). However, the patients only demand centers that are well equipped to enhance their survival. Therefore, for a new cancer center to meet the demand it must ensure that enough facilities are available to provide the patients with the required services while maintaining the low costs that enhance affordability. Therefore, incorporation of a cancer center into the hospital’s operations will require management to take into account a number of factors such as financial position, the core values of the hospital, and availability of labor to run the cancer center. These factors act to complement the demand element in service development.Advertising We will write a custom coursework sample on Service Line Development specifically for you for only $16 .05 $11/page Learn More International Analysis Watson in his survey discovered various key factors that play important roles in the global medical trends (2011). According to the report compiled by Watson, 95% of world’s countries had a medical trend that exceeded the rate of inflation (2011). This meant that the general expenditure on the medical services was increasing at a faster rate than the rate of inflation of the country. The increase in medical costs in the year 2009 was approximately 10.2% (Watson, 2011). However, the general inflation during the same year was approximately 6.9%. This trend was common in the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America. Businesses, and companies, find it difficult to create a comprehensive medical scheme for their employees due to the fact that the medical costs are increasing at almost twice the rate of inflation. Most employers find it difficult to afford paying medical insurance for their employees. Another key finding i n Watson’s report was the emerging markets in developing nations. The medical costs in these markets slowed down between 2006 and 2009. These markets are experiencing cheaper medical rates than their counterparts in developed markets are. Medical users in developed markets are paying higher medical prices than they did five years ago (Watson, 2011). Most medical users are expecting higher medical prices in the forthcoming years (Beecham, 2010). Analysts’ project that the average increase ate of medical costs is likely to increase to 12.7 % by the end of 2012. In the developing countries, the medical costs will be higher than that of developed economies by 2.5%. From Watson’s research, the medical users in North America and Latin America predicted the highest increase in medical costs (2011). European respondents on the other hand, predicted the increase of medical costs to lesser than that experienced in the other countries in the world. The global trends in tre ating cancer have gradually changed due to the advances in science. Technology can be used to cure or eliminate some cancerous cell before they actually spread to other parts of the body. Therefore, patients have changed the manner they use in assessing treatment all over the world.Advertising Looking for coursework on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Most patients are opting for the expensive technologies that can assist in preventing the spread of cancer. Moreover, the concept of costs is of little concern to some people where technology and science guarantees full remission of the disease. With the concept of technological trends and cost trends, CEO’s can develop a sound service line for medical or health care center. In our case, developing the cancer medical care center will require incorporating the concept of global medical trends into the implementation process. This is because the costs of assessing medical care is expected to increase and the CEO has the responsibility of ensuring that, the services offered by their cancer center are either cheaper or at par with the market prices. By regulating the costs, the medical center can attract patients and keep their expenditure at manageable levels. Moreover, the CEO should consider incorporating the latest technology into the cancer center. Technology and science pro vide patients with guarantees of good treatment. Most cancer patients are attracted by the quality of the service and not the costs. Therefore, incorporating newer method will enhance the demand of the center. Discussion on Different Programs There are various ongoing programs in the fight to eliminate cancer. One of the most research programs in the field of cancer research is the Radiation Research Program. This program is used in establishing the priorities and evaluating the effectiveness of radiation in cancer patients (NCI, 2004). Moreover, oncologists and other medical practitioners use this program to allocate the resources among the different cancer patients (NCI, 2004). The Radiation Research Program team presents their findings to the National Cancer Institute in matters that deal with radiation research. The program designed by the Radiation Research Program team has several functions that may assist a new and upcoming cancer center. Among the functions of Radiation Rese arch Program is providing expertise knowledge on matters related to radiation treatment, and other forms of energy used in treating cancerous cells. In addition to this, the Radiation Research Program team assists the individual radiotherapy researchers in establishing the scope of their research. By doing this, the Radiation Research Program team ensures that the future direction of radiation treatment is in the right track. Radiation Research Program team also develops unique models that practitioners may use to help the underserved cancer patients in the world. This program ensures that the individual cancer centers can access the clinical trial results. Apart from the Radiation Research Program, other research programs also exist and are practiced by different cancer centers. The outreach program is one of the most common programs that cancer centers use to reach patients who cannot access the medical centers. Moreover, the outreach program is used to educate the public on diffe rent aspects of cancer (American College of Surgeons, 2009). From an economist’s point of view, medical centers can use outreach programs as a means of publicizing the different services offered by the center. In addition to this, the outreach programs act as a means of ensuring that patients get information at the correct time. Trinity medical center should incorporate the use of these programs in their cancer center. Incorporating the use of Radiation Research Program will ensure that the center reaps maximum benefits from the program. Benefits such as advances in use of radiation to treat patients come in handy to any cancer center. Moreover, the Radiation Research Program will provide guidance to the research department in Trinity’s cancer research team. An outreach program will ensure that the cancer center is able to educate the surrounding community. By incorporating the outreach program in service development, Trinity cancer center will ensure that they have ad vertised their services while providing useful services to the community. Financial Analysis From the Trinity’s projection, it is possible to do an analysis on the financial viability of the project using financial ratios to begin with the analysis on company initially aims to invest a capital of 8 million to ensure that the cancer center runs properly (Penman, 2001). For the company to consider the cancer center projects as economically viable they must be able to recover the capital costs. To test the ability to recover the capital the approximate number of patients expected per annum must be known. Trinity plans to charge an oncology discharge fee of $70,000. The gross charges per radiation treatment are $450 and the gross charges per Chemo treatment are $ 600. The collection is expected to be 35% and the ratio of cost to charges is 30%. Therefore, the costs incurred in ay oncology discharge will be $21000. The remaining $49 000 will be considered as revenue. Therefore, us ing the projected number of discharges the total revenue will amount to 18,718,000. The revenue from radiation oncology will be equal to 1,228,500 and the revenue from chemo treatment will be 1,260,000. However, the collections made by the trinity medical facility are 35% of the total revenue. This amounts to 7,422,275. Therefore, company will make over $18, 718, 000 in five years. This shows that the company is doing a viable business. However, their amount of collection will be lower than the capital invested. To determine further financial viability of the project financial ratios such as return on capital invested need to be calculated. However, to calculate more ratios, a complete financial statement for various years is required (Souvik, 2006). Target market Cancer centers provide care to a variety of cancer patients. Among the most affected are the people aged between the ages of 65 and older. Cancer is more common in these patients than in the younger generation. Therefore, the major target market for the cancer center will be the older generation. However, the target market is not limited in to the older generation. Cancer is affecting even the young generation in the current world. In this light of events, cancer centers should also target the younger generation affected by the disease. In general, a cancer center should focus on all the cancer patients. In addition to this, the cancer center should target the whole community to educate them. References AAMC (2007). Forecasting the Supply of and Demand for Oncologists. American Society of Clinical Oncology, 10 (7), 9-130. American Cancer Society ‘ACS’(2011). Cancer Facts and Figures. American Cancer Society Inc, 12 (2), 3-60. American Cancer Society ‘ACS’ (2012). Cancer Facts and Figures. American Cancer Society Inc, 12(2), 3-68. American College of Surgeons (2009). Commission on Cancer: Cancer Program Standards 2009. Web. Beecham, H. (2010). Trends in International Healthca re. Web. Lappin, A. M. (2010). Women’s Health: Strategies for Superior Service Line Performance. HealthLeaders Media, 20 (12), 5-48. National Cancer Institute ‘NCI’ (2004). Radiation Research Program. Web. Penman, S. (2001). Financial Statement Analysis and Security Valuation. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Souvik, D. (2006). Case Studies on Market Entry Strategies. Nagarjuna Hills, Punjagutta: ICFAI Books. Watson, T. (2011). Global Medical Trends. Global Medical Trends Survey Report, 7 (2), 1-9. This coursework on Service Line Development was written and submitted by user Jasper Q. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

FTC and Paxil essays

FTC and Paxil essays Patenting constitutes the best way to secure intellectual property from undue commercial exploitation by others. The United States government allows the original inventors of any product or concept to patent it for a period of 17 years. During this period other competitors cannot duplicate, create or sell the patented product. Though patenting protects the hard earned results of the original inventor it has a crippling effect on the society at large. Patenting creates a monopolistic market, which is not consumer friendly at all as it gives more market power (domination)to the firm. Any idea or invention is useful to the society only when it is easily accessible and affordable. Patenting seriously limits the scope of the product or invention. Alongside patenting, health care industry is seriously affected by tariffs and import and export restrictions on generic Theoretically all monopolies are profitable for the firms while consumers are at a great disadvantage. However in the case of Paxil there are some serious legal infringements. Paxil continues to heap huge profits for GlaxoSmithKline because the company manages to extend the patent indefinitely by claiming and securing new patents for the different ingredients used in the drug. It is estimated that Paxil earns around $4.4 million each day that it manages to prolong its monopoly by keeping the SmithKline's revenue from the sale of Paxil amounted to $2.1 billion in 1999 which can be attributed the monopolistic market it enjoys. If a bottle of Paxil costs $ 50 then SmithKline has sold 42000000 bottles in 1999 alone, which is a measure of the huge demand for the product. It is natural for the firm to prolong the monopoly in order to amass huge profits that accrue from a non-competitive market. As we discussed earlier the longer the monopolistic trend is prolonged the greater the profits for the ...

Monday, March 2, 2020

SAT Test Dates 2015 - 2016

SAT Test Dates 2015 - 2016 SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips We present information about SAT test datesfor the 2015-2016 school year here. We also link to our top articles that you must read before deciding on a test date. Table: 2015-2016SAT Test Dates and Deadlines The 2015-2016 school year's test dates, normal registration deadlines, late registration deadlines, and score availability are posted below. Test Date NormalDeadline Late Registration Online Score Release October 3, 2015 September 3, 2015 September 22, 2015 October 22, 2015 November 7, 2015 October 9, 2015 October 27, 2015 November 26, 2015 December 5, 2015 November 5, 2015 November 23, 2015 December 24, 2015 January 23, 2016 December 28, 2015 January 12, 2016 February 11, 2016 March 5, 2016 * February5, 2016 February 23, 2016 May 10, 2016 May 7, 2016 * April 8, 2016 April 26, 2016 June 14, 2016 June 4, 2016 * May 5, 2016 May 25, 2016 July 12, 2016 * = New SAT Test Dates for all tests March 2016 and forward - see note below The College Board administers the SAT on Saturdays, with more tests offered in the fall. If you can't take the test on Saturday for religious or other reasons, Sunday alternate dates are usually available. Visual Calendar of 2015 and 2016 Dates You shouldn't just put down the next date that's available. To choose the best test dates for you personally, we have created a full guide for you for SAT test date selection. First, here arefour test date factors you should consider. Second, you should plan ahead and think about whether you want to take the SAT more than once. (Note: the chart below is based on older predictions, so while the test dates are accurate, refer above to the offical table for exactly accurate Normal and Late Deadline Dates) (C) 2015 PrepScholar Inc, Use with Link to PrepScholar.com Allowed You can clearly see a few things immediately: SAT test dates are very tightly clustered in the fall. In Spring 2016 the dates were much more spread out, with the exception of May/June. It's difficult to take two SATs in a row: by the time the score comes out, the late registration date has already passed. Besides, you'll want to prep to make the most of a re-test. Warning: SAT Test Dates May ChangeSign up to Receive Free Updates // What's Next? The next step after you've figured out which dates you want is to register for the SAT (read our step-by-step instruction here). Also, if you want to score well, you should consider the different ways to prep for the sat. We consider the pros and cons of different prep methods with our free ebook. Notes about New SAT and Accuracy All the SATsfrom March 2016 forward are in the New SAT (out of 1600) format. Since these tests were still being actively developed by the College Board, they were especially liable for fluctuation - even after official College Board annouces them formally. Last minute College Board date changes can and do happen historically, so we encourage you sign up for our free notifcation through our blog. We'll keep an eye on changes so you don't have to! Other Articles You May Be Interested In Future Years' SAT Test Dates How to Choose the Best SAT Test Dates (updated!) Disappointed with your scores? Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points?We've written a guide about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

Friday, February 14, 2020

Royal Opera House analysis Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Royal Opera House analysis - Term Paper Example d analysis of the entire organization, products, uniqueness, strengths and weaknesses of it as a business model, and other imperative sectors which will enable others to understand how this organization functions and targets its demographic in order to serve the public by meeting cultural desires of the people for entertainment and also to provide jobs for those who are employed by the ballet and opera house as performers. The organization itself is a series of different theaters, both inside and outside that are home to the ballet, opera, and orchestra and also show many other performances. Not only is there an entertainment sector, but there is also an educational sector that serves as a program for young and promising dancers and musicians to further their knowledge in hopes to try their own personal talent. The students are coached as if at a school and become more formally educated than they would at a public or private school in London. The Royal Opera House is one of the top theaters in the world. While there are numerous other theaters in the area, many are much smaller than the Royal Opera House. This organization is supported by patrons, donors, and even grants. However, additional income is earned through the bars and restaurants that are included within the Royal Opera House. Another portion that serves as a fundraising opportunity for the organization is the gift shop which offers products both for sale onsite and also on the Internet. Music and the arts as a source of entertainment is very popular in this area. Located in the City of London, it is a place where not only locals but visitors can attend performances all year long. Many of the productions are targeted toward elitists. However, many of the programs produced at the Royal Opera House are starting to focus more on the youth. One recommendation is that the Royal Opera House continue to market toward the youth both as performers and as audience members. This is an excellent